Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease
Progression of Alzheimer’s Disease: A Longitudinal Study in Norwegian Memory Clinics
The course of Alzheimer's disease (AD) varies considerably between individuals. There is limited evidence on factors important for disease progression.
The primary aim was to study the progression of AD, as measured by the Clinical Dementia Rating Scale Sum of Boxes (CDR-SB). Secondary aims were to investigate whether baseline characteristics are important for differences in progression, and to examine the correlation between progression assessed using three different instruments: CDR-SB (0-18), the cognitive test Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE, 0-30), and the functional measure Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL, 0-1).
The Progression of AD and Resource use (PADR) study is a longitudinal observational study in three Norwegian memory clinics.
In total, 282 AD patients (mean age 73.3 years, 54% female) were followed for mean 24 (16-37) months. The mean annual increase in CDR-SB was 1.6 (SD 1.8), the mean decrease in MMSE score 1.9 (SD 2.6), and the mean decrease in IADL score 0.13 (SD 0.14). Of the 282 patients, 132 (46.8%) progressed slowly, with less than 1 point yearly increase in CDR-SB. Cognitive test results at baseline predicted progression rate, and together with age, ApoE, history of hypertension, and drug use could explain 17% of the variance in progression rate. The strongest correlation of change was found between CDR-SB and IADL scores, the weakest between MMSE and IADL scores.
Progression rate varied considerably among AD patients; about half of the patients progressed slowly. Cognitive test results at baseline were predictors of progression rate.
Journal of Alzheimer´s disease, 2017