Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 2019
Sammendrag på engelsk (abstract):
Background Higher age is associated with reduced physical capability in the general population. The role of age and gender
for physical performance in older adults who exercises regularly is, however, not clear, and there is also a lack of recommendations
for outcomes to address physical performance for this population.
Aims To explore the associations between physical performance, age and gender, and to examine the suitability and feasibility
of clinical field tests for physical performance in active older adults.
Methods In this cross-sectional study we included 105 persons, 70–90 years of age, who had exercised regularly
for ≥ 12 months. The field tests were Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), Timed Up and Go and gait speed for
mobility; One-leg standing (OLS) test and Mini-BESTest for balance; Stair test for endurance, 30 s sit-to-stand, and grip
strength for muscle strength.
Results We found associations between age and physical performance, and the associations were slightly stronger for women.
Men performed better on tests of muscle strength, balance and endurance, while no gender differences were found in mobility.
Grip strength was not associated with mobility tests for men. All tests were feasible, while SPPB and OLS had ceiling
and floor effects that limit their suitability in this population.
Conclusions Both age and gender were associated with physical performance. We recommend using the gait speed, Mini-
BESTest, 30 s sit-to-stand, grip strength and stair tests to assess physical performance in physically active older adults.